¤ Les ingrédients ¤
Fruit of a plant originating in Mexico and the Central America, it pushes on a plant bushes, sometimes crawling. The word tomatocomes from tomalt, the name of this vegetable in nahualt, the language of theAztec ones. In the beginning, the tomato was a round fruit similar to thetomato cherry. It was believed a long time that it made sick because itsnonripe stems and its fruits contain a toxic alkaloid. It is in XVIe centurythat it was adopted by the Italians. The tomato always requires much heat andof sunning, there is more than one thousand of varieties whose size variesaccording to species'. Some are green even ripe, but the majority become red,pink, orange or yellow. It is eaten cooked, raw (except for the green one),dried and prepares out of juice, sauce, purée, mashed potatoes. It is anelement essential to the kitchen Italian, of Provence, Greek, Mexican,Spanish. Currently, the tomato of the market are biotechnological (the genesare faded) so that it are preserved longer.
The Mbongo is a typically Cameroonian spice which resembles the nutmeg byits form. In Cameroon, it is one of the components the main thing ofthe dish: the Mbongo Tjobi (black sauce with the barks).
Originating in Southeast Asia, the ginger is cultivated in the majority of the tropicalcountries. It comes from the underground part of the plant (the rhizome)whose prickly pulp is recognized for its aromatic and medicinal propertiessince old times. The ginger is quoted in Chinese and Indian antiques written.the Greeks knew it, and the Romans had imported it for more than 2.000 years.Towards the end of XIIIe century, Europeans sought it for its virtuesaphrodisiacs, then it fell down gradually in the lapse of memory. The airpart of the plant can reach 1,5 meter in height. The rhizomes are fleshy and of different colours (gilded, yellow, white or red sand) according tovarieties', extremely many. Its pulp prickly is peppered and sometimes extreme. It is covered with a small edible skin when the rhizome is fresh. Itis tonic, aperitif, disinfectant, diuretic, febrifuge, stomachic andaphrodisiac, but it can irritate the digestive system. It is thus preferable to use it with moderation.
Fruit of a splendid vegetable probably originating in Africa, the Gombopushes in the tropical areas and the hot moderate areas. It is relatedwith the hibiscus, the mallow and cotton. Some historians think that itwould have been brought back of Africa in Spain during the invasions ofthe Moors to Vlle century. Its Angolan name, gombo is with the sourceof its French denomination. The Gombo has a thin edible, smooth orslightly fluffy skin according to varieties'. The interior containsmany edible seeds. This vegetable fruit contains a mucilagineusesubstance which gives to sauces a very appreciated sticky aspect. Oneit picking before maturity supplements (between 3 and 4 days) bus atthis time there, it is very tender. It is eaten believed or cooked.Sometimes dried, it is transformed into flour and one draws from seedsan edible oil; dried and torrefied its seeds can be used as coffeesubstitute. It is eaten braised, boiled, cooks with the vapor, breaded,fried, jumped or marinated.
Tuber of a climbing plant whose countryof origin is unknown. Archaeological excavations make think that the yam wascultivated in Africa and in the east of Asia there is more than 10.000 years.The yam is one of food the most consumed throughout the world. One canconfuse it with the sweet potatoe of which it has sometimes the taste, but itbelongs to very an other family and one does not count any less than 200varieties. It pushes in the tropical and subtropical areas. The only varietywhich believes in moderate area is the yam of China. Its white flesh, yellow,ivory or dew are rich in starch and contain a mucilagineuse substance whichreturns slipping it. It becomes creamy or remains firm according tovarieties'. Its thick skin, whose color varies white with the pink and thebrown-black, can be hairy or rough. It can weigh up to 20 kg and measure 50cm in diameter.
Fruit of an annual plant, the groundnut would be originating in South America(Brazil, Bolivia) or in China. In XVe century, the Spaniards andPortuguese introduced it in Africa, which became about it, with Asia,the first world producer . This leguminous plant belongs to thesame family as peas, broad beans and beans. The groundnut, so calledpeanut, of tlacacahuatl in nahualt, the language of Aztec, pushes on aclimbing plant, bushes (high 75 cm), or crawling. The groundnut growsin a very particular way: the floral stems lengthen, are curved towardsthe ground and penetrate there, giving birth under ground to groundnut.Each seed is covered with a membrane and contains two fleshycotyledons. Harvest is carried out by pulling up of the whole plantwhich is initially put to dry, before the pods are not withdrawn. They are consumed whole, crushed, ground or transformed into paste
Tuber of a shrub of the tropicalareas, of which the spindle-shaped root provides a food starch. The maniococcupies an important place in the food of many countries of Africa. Its tubers have a white coloured flesh. Yellowish or reddish under a brown bark.When they are small they resemble sweet potato. To be edible, the tubers arewashed, peeled and grated, put to macerate, then filtered, drained anddehydrated. In Cameroon, one makes of it Miondo (paste of manioc rolled in asheet), Foufou (mashed potatoes containing flakes of manioc) or of Bobolo(larger and large Miondo).
Theshrimp is a small shellfish which lives at sea, out of fresh or brackishwater. There are some nearly 160 species classified in 9 families. All arenot edible or of equal savour. They have two long antennas and five pairs oflegs. Certain species have of the same legs size which end in grips, exceptfor the third pair. At other species, the third pair of legs is bulkier. Theshrimps measure 4 to 30 cm length. At certain species, the shrimp is bornmale then becomes female after one year or two like male sexually active,usually between 18 to 30 months. The flesh can be pink, yellow, gray,brownish, reddish or dark red according to species'. After having peeledshrimps and to have cooked them, there will remain to you only 500 gr. out of1 kilo. The shrimps can cause allergic reactions.*
Annual vegetable of Africa, it is connected with spinach in a little more acid. Harvest is carried out when thesheets are young, before they do not become enormous and that a floral stemdoes not appear. They are consumed raw or cooked. Choose leaves that are a beautifuldark green, tender and flexible with the touch, to draw aside the leaves dull,yellowed, softened or softened. One prepares them carefully because thissheet imprisons sand and the ground. To wash only at the time of cooking ifnot they lose their beautiful appearance.
Tuber of a plant originating in Central America, the sweet potatoes is not related with potatoes . Its flowers are in theshape of small bells, it thus is classified in the family of convolvulacées,whose flowers show the same characteristics. The sweet potatoes is consumedsince prehistoric times, but it is in XVIe century that Spaniards andPortuguese propagated it in the world. The air part of the plant is made upof crawling stems reaching up to 5 m length and decorated sheets which can beconsumed like spinach. There exists more than 400 varieties. Its thin andedible skin, can be white, yellow, orange, red or crimson; the flesh iswhite, yellowish or orange. The sweet potatoes form two categories, accordingto whether they have the dry flesh (more farinaceous with cooking) or wet.They are always consumed cooked as potato but have more sweetened taste than this one. One can make alcohol and flour out of it.
The plantain of banana
Fruitof the banana tree, this giant herbaceous plant is probably originatingin Malaysia. The banana plantain connected with soft banana, is calledbanana to be cooked. It is a basic food in Africa, in India, inMalaysia, in the Antilles and in South America. The banana plantainmeasures 30 to 40 cm. It has a firmer flesh and less sweetened thanthat of banana, its thicker skin yellows then blackens when the fruitmatures. As the banana plantain is not edible raw, even ripe, it isused as vegetable. Whole or sliced, it preserves its form at cooking.